Dune Roadmap of the Atlantic Biogeographical Region

Roadmap for knowledge exchange and networking for the period 2023-2027: Supporting the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 and the conservation of coastal dune habitats in the Atlantic Biogeographical Region.

Report on invasive alien species in Great Britain and Ireland

John Houston, GB

This review of dune management looks back 50 years or more to the concerns in the 1960s and 1970s about the impacts of non-native conifers and the development of dune scrub, to the present day concerns about invasive native and non-native plant species, and to the future by looking at what recently arrived non-native species, or yet to arrive species, might also become invasive. Within Europe, coastal dune habitats are particularly impacted by invasive alien species and the Atlantic biogeographical region (which includes the UK and Ireland) is considered the worst affected. Against this background dune managers across northwest Europe have been calling for the development of a regional ‘black list’ of invasive alien species and for greater sharing of experience across the Atlantic region.

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Handbook Coastal Dune Management

Jones, L., Rooney, P., Rhymes. J. and Dynamic Dunescapes partners, GB

A comprehensive handbook discussing the wide range of dune management options available to address the issues faced by coastal sand dune systems, including overstabilisation and invasive species. Management interventions detailed include notches, grazing, turf-stripping and scrub clearance. This handbook is designed to be a useful, in-depth resource for sand dune site managers, and aims to keep our management techniques up to date for the needs of dune conservation in a variety of situations.

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The State of Coastal Dunes of The Atlantic Biogeographic Region

John Houston, GB

State of nature in the EU 2020 - The entire report you will find HERE.

The European Environment Agency published the report State of nature in the EU on 19th October 2020[1]. For Habitats Directive habitats and species the detailed information by member state and biogeographical region is published in a series of dashboards[2] and the Article 17 web-tool[3]. These can be used to check the current status and trends of habitats and species by Member State, by biogeographic region, by habitat type or species and to compare this information with reports from 2001-2006 and 2007-2012. Links in the Article 17 web-tool give access to Member State reports reported by biogeographical region[4].

Across all habitat groups, dunes (21 coastal and inland habitat types), along with bogs, mires and fens, have the highest percentage (>50%) of bad assessments and a low number of good assessments. These ‘dune habitats’ include the 10 habitats making up the Habitats Directive sub-group Sea dunes of the Atlantic, North Sea and Baltic coast, 7 habitats in Sea dunes of the Mediterranean coast and 4 habitats in Inland dunes, old and decalcified.

According to Member States assessments the total area of all Annex I dune habitats (coastal and inland) is 9,200 km2, the smallest area of any habitat group. Compare this, for example, to the reported 406,000 km2 of coastal habitats. As a consequence any proposed restoration targets for coastal dunes are relatively small in the big picture. Working together, however, e.g. through the Natura 2000 Biogeographical Process, will help to ensure that habitat restoration and habitat creation opportunities are promoted.

[1] https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/state-of-nature-in-the-eu-2020
[2] https://www.eea.europa.eu/themes/biodiversity/state-of-nature-in-the-eu/article-17-national-summary-dashboards
[3] https://nature-art17.eionet.europa.eu/article17/
[4] The reports are national reports and do not give information by country or region. For example reports from England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are not on the EEA dashboards but can be found at https://jncc.gov.uk/our-work/article-17-habitats-directive-report-2019-habitats/

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